Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. I don’t know much about how flowers work or pollination so I’d love to learn!
Ghana adopted hand pollination of cocoa in 2017 as part of COCOBOD’s PEP. On pubicalyx and carnosa they look like long brown stringbeans.
There are lots of other plants around that have pollen on them so I could take some from them on a paint brush and pollinate with that maybe?
Read More. Under the PEP such initiatives as cocoa farm rehabilitation, mass spraying, hand pollination, mass pruning, fertiliser application, irrigation and continuous farmer education on good agronomic practices are being carried out in all seven cocoa-growing regions. How wonderful it would be to be able to reap a bounty from our gardens by just dropping the seeds in their little holes and watching them grow. The challenge meant that in the past couple of years the second-largest cocoa producer nation in the world had struggled at meeting production targets for its premium cocoa beans. Hand pollination of flowers is expected to deliver equal or more fruit set than insect pollination, and to deliver as big or bigger fruit (Allsopp et al.). Plants can sometimes use a little help to have better yields come harvest time.
The implementation of this ‘combination therapy’ for Ghana’s declining cocoa yields seems to fan Cocobod’s confidence in attaining once again and possibly surpassing the 1 million metric tonnes mark in coming seasons. Propagating hoyas with stem cuttings is easy. « What Is Permaculture and How Does It Apply To Me? i would consider extra humidity. just remember, it is very difficult to get hoya to seed, but very rewarding!
https://bsapubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.3732/ajb.1700078. Hand pollination is a process where you are the bee, pollinating the female flower of a plant, with the male pollen. rub the pollen on different flowers on the plant delicately, usually everyday until the buds fall off. Hand-pollinating Hoya is difficult because they have a different flower structure than many other plants - essentially the pollen is in little sacs called pollinia which reside in the interior of the flower. Thanks! Thanks!
Yes, it has to do with sex, plant sex that is. 11 comments.
Kojo is passionate about giving a voice to cocoa in the global economic discourse, particularly the millions of cocoa farmers and their communities. How to Propagate Hoya Plants.
This means just rubbing a q-tip on the flowers won’t work, but some people have apparently had success with cat whiskers.
Ghana was reported to have seen an alarming 60% decrease in its primary rainforest resource, in 2018 alone. - Sponsored - This process leads to cross-pollination, increasing the number of flowers pollinated daily; which then results in massive fertilisation and cherrelle development. A 43-year-old farmer from Yawsae in the Bono Region, Ishmael Kyere Aboagye, recently told the B&FT that he used to harvest about 15 (64kg) bags, but that increased to 27 bags in the season gone by thanks to the PEP. Whether you know them as Hoya Plants or Wax Plants, this sub is ready for your photos, questions, expertise, and/or stories.
Hmm.. I’ll see what happens! With artificial pollination, each cocoa tree is expected to produce a minimum of 50 pods per season, which translates to more beans for the farmer, a marked improvement over pre-hand pollination years. Tomatoes are self-pollinators. i believe you can accomplish it with the same plant, but i heard it is hard to get the plant to seed. So my grandparents have a Hoya carnosa that is super old and beautiful, and looooooong lol, and it’s just blooming now! This is a plant community that focuses on the amazingness of this genus. Doug from Vermont Hoyas has written about putting his flowering plants outside at night near a bright light to attract moths, and getting seed pods. Hand Pollination – How Ghana Is Increasing Cocoa Productivity While Saving Forests, A hand pollinator drops pollen on the stigma of a flower, These ladies are part of 30,000 pollinators working on cocoa farms, Hand pollinator seen recording the day's work, A master pollinator is taking records at Kwame Adu, Ashanti Region, Ghana was reported to have seen an alarming 60% decrease, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D14qN_synE8&t=40s%2C, Cocoa Touton Processing Company Ghana Limited. i don’t know if you need pollen from another hoya though, or of you can use pollen from the same plant. Yea, I just learned all about the anatomy of them the other day lol, someone shared a very useful link. The report identified illegal small scale mining (galamsey) as the major cause of deforestation. Tomatoes, peppers, egg plants, cucumbers, melons, and the like often need some help from you.
Insect legs slip inside the flower while they feed on the hoya’s nectar, and emerge with the pollinia attached. I will try that idea, and see what happens! In this Cocoa Post series on the PEP, we take a closer look at how each of the initiatives under the Productivity Enhancement Programme is working together for the good of Ghana cocoa, in terms of increasing bean production and also developing environmentally responsive cocoa sector. I was wondering if you need another Hoya’s pollen to cross pollinate and gets seeds? good luck though! i would use a q-tip to pollinate. share. Cookies help us deliver our Services. to pollinate a hoya, you need hoya pollen. However, clearing forest lands for cocoa farming was also mentioned as a leading contributor to forest degradation. Annual cocoa beans output has been falling from a historic high of 1million metric tonnes in the 2010/11 crop year to an average 800,000 metric tonnes currently. Like I said, I don’t know a lot about Hoyas or pollination, so anything would be helpful! We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Life Is Just Ducky - There are three major reasons to hand pollinate plants: 16 Top Secrets for Growing Great Tomatoes, Grow Strawberries In A Fraction Of The Space. So, short of raising our own hive of bees. After pollination, the plant will put out seed pods. Hoya propagation is best is spring or summer when the plant is actively growing.
I guess I’ll have to play the role of a moth and try to pollinate it and see what happens lol. Learning how to hand pollinate corn can increase your yields significantly. A communication practitioner since 2004, Kojo was until 2013 a broadcast journalist, anchor and producer with Ghana's leading private television station TV3 (Media General), where he specialised in highlighting the plight of rural communities and vulnerable segments of society, and later served as Parliamentary and Presidential correspondent. Hoyas are pollinated by insects around here, or possibly hummingbirds under the right conditions...so obviously the plant has to be outdoors for that to happen. Hand pollination is the artificial process whereby pollen is collected from flowers on a tree or nearby ones and dropped on the stigma of the flower. The hoya is an asexual plant.
There are lots of other plants around that have pollen on them so I could take some from them on a paint brush and pollinate with that maybe? I will try to use some from the same plant when the flowers open, it’d be cool to have some seeds :), Your post made me curious so I googled "hand pollinating hoyas" and apparently it's a bit of a mystery. But sometimes nature doesn’t work as well as we would like. Accept
This translates to more revenue accruing to farmers for the same farm size.
Kojo Hayford is the Founder and Managing Editor of Cocoa Post. More information: Manuel Toledo-Hernández et al, Hand pollination, not pesticides or fertilizers, increases cocoa yields and farmer income, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2020).
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