deterrence theory essay

c. Mandatory- pros and cons As early as in the early eighteen century, the primary purpose of state imposed punishments was said to be the reduction of crime, by means of ‘terrifying [potential offenders] into obeying the law’. [6] The punishment of prison and the deterrence it brings about, by the relinquishment of the fundamental freedoms, were onceived of as the best means of reducing offending in modern society [7] .

It will also look to see if there is deterrent in punishment at all. However, if these calculations lead [criminals] to conclude that costs will exceed rewards, then the rational course of action is to seek gratification in ways other than [criminality]. Federal levels…..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….4

It’s principles about justice appeal to us because it adapts to our ideas of what we identify as fairness. [45] Thus it may not be any surprise when Gough concludes that deterrence should only be a minor consideration, if occupying a role to play at all, for the purposes of sentencing. The authors of. All work is written to order. This means that people are less or more likely to commit a crime or do something they aren’t supposed to based on the level of punishment or outcome. [42] More research efforts have been put into the consideration of the other two aspects of deterrence. [63] With all the negative social interactions that punishment entails, a sentence which speaks to the deterrence of the individual offender appears to reinforce the self-prophecy of criminality, render reintegration into the conventional world difficult, and a criminal career almost inevitable.

Criminology

Which has led many theorists to believe that the proper to punish, a, The new Dangerous Prisoners (Sexual Offenders) Act (2003) In Queensland permits prisoners to be kept in prison beyond their release date where a court finds that there is a ‘high degree of probability’ that they represent a ‘serious danger to the community’. 913 Words 4 Pages. [62].

Discussion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..5 Yet, as the famous philosopher John Rawls persuasively argues, ‘there is no reason to assume that our sense of justice can be adequately characterised by familiar common sense precepts or derived from the more obvious learning principles.’ [27], It seems indeed somewhat simplistic to assume offenders as rational beings before or in the course of committing a crime. Deterrence theory of crime is a method in which punishment is used to dissuade people from committing crimes.

Its sole purpose, to instill fear. [21] The Court of Appeal has held, relying on the Strasbourg jurisprudence, that the legitimate object of deterrence can, in appropriate cases, amply justify such sentences. [53], As such, although crime data and criminal statistics are ostensibly transparent and open manifestations of offending patterns, to divorce the quantifiable empirical data from the broader politicisation of crime would be an unrealistic exercise provided the complex settings in the modern liberal democracy such as this country, in which crime, sociology and political economy are inextricably intertwined.

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